IRBIL, Iraq — The Islamic State group was manufacturing weapons in and around Mosul on an industrial scale with products largely purchased in bulk from Turkey, according to a report published by an arms research group Wednesday.
The findings show that IS maintained a “robust and reliable” supply chain between Turkey and Iraq that allowed the fighters to produce tens of thousands of weapons, the London-based Conflict Armaments Research said. The group’s researchers studied IS weapons found at manufacturing facilities and on the battlefield during the Iraqi operation to retake Mosul that is under way.
As Iraqi forces advance, the extremists are losing the physical capacity to manufacture weapons on an industrial scale, but the research group’s executive director James Bevan warned that highly trained fighters will take their expertise with them as they retreat.
“Given that this group is so organized, they clearly see the writing on the wall in Mosul,” Bevan told the Associated Press, saying he believes IS has already moved its best-trained bomb-makers out of Mosul and into Syria and southern Turkey.
“They place a very high value on technical capacity and they will do everything they can to preserve it,” he said. Bevan added that IS fighters likely looked to Turkey to purchase weapons ingredients, knowing that their demand would outstrip what is available in Iraq.
Iraq witnesses almost-daily attacks that have been frequently claimed by IS, including in Baghdad, where multiple attacks took place Wednesday.
A total of 11 people were killed and 38 wounded in separate attacks in and around Baghdad, police and health officials said. The deadliest was in the southern district of Oaireeg, where a bomb killed four civilians and wounded 12, said the officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity as they were not authorized to release information.
No group immediately claimed responsibility for Wednesday’s attacks.
Iraqi forces have been met with stiff resistance in Mosul, including waves of suicide car bombs, since launching an offensive to retake the city in October. They have retaken less than a quarter of the city since the operation began.